Strongly desired by the Fascist regime, the shrine wanted to celebrate the sacrifice of the fallen as well as give a worthy burial to those who had not found space in the Invitti cemetery. The structure consists of three levels and symbolically represents the army that descends from the sky, under the leadership of its commander, to travel the Heroic Way. At the top, three crosses recall the image of Mount Golgotha and the crucifixion of Christ. Parked the car on the square in front of the Memorial, the visit begins after passing the destroyer “Grado”, an Austro-Hungarian ship that has become Italian after the end of the war. Walking towards the tombs you go along the “Via Eroica” a stone paved road bordered by 38 bronze plaques indicating the names of the karst places disputed during the Great War.
At the end of this evocative route, we arrive at the majestic tombs of the generals, among which the one of the commander of the Third Army, Emanuele Filiberto Duca d’Aosta, who had expressed the desire to be buried in Redipuglia, stands out. The tomb is made up of a block of red marble from Val Camonica weighing 75 tons. Next to it are the granite tombs of five generals: Antonio Chinotto, Tommaso Monti, Giovanni Prelli, Giuseppe Paolini and Fulvio Riccieri. Behind rise the 22 steps (2.5 meters high and 12 wide) which, in alphabetical order, house the remains of the 39857 identified soldiers Each niche is surmounted by the word “Present” and can be reached thanks to the side stairways leading to the top. At the center of the first step is the only buried woman, a Red Cross nurse named Margherita Kaiser Parodi Orlando, while on the twenty-second are the remains of 72 sailors and 56 men of the Guardia di Finanza.
Arrived at the end of the staircase and the steps, two large tombs covered with bronze plates they guard the remains of over 60,000 unknown soldiers. Go beyond it to reach the top of the shrine where the visit can continue by visiting the small chapel that houses the “Deposition” and the panels of the Via Crucis by the sculptor Castiglioni. Above this religious structure are the three bronze crosses.
In the rear part of the last step two museum rooms have been set up: inside there are the photographs of the first Shrine of Redipuglia, the documents, the war relics and the paintings by Ciotti that adorned the first Tomb of the Duke of Aosta, located originally in the chapel at the top of Colle Sant’Elia. On the plateau, at Altitude 89, there is the Observatory and a model of the territory that highlights the border line at dawn on 24 October 1917, the day of the Twelfth Battle of the Isonzo.
Via III Armata
I-34070 Fogliano Redipuglia (GO)
Tel. +39 0481 489024
Redipuglia Memorial: always open
Exhibition rooms at the top and Church of the Madonna Regina della Pace:
from November 1st to March 14th
From Tuesday to Saturday
Monday, Sunday and Holidays: closed
from March 15th to October 30th
from Tuesday to Friday
Saturday, Sunday and Holidays
Extraordinary closing on Easter day
For urgent restoration work in progress, the Military Memorial of Redipuglia can be partially visited.
Currently the lower square (Tombe dei Generali and Via Eroica) can be used up to the first step and the top part (Exhibition rooms, Church and Observatory) which can be reached along the municipal road that leads to the open-air museum of the Dolina del XV Bersaglieri and following the signs on site.
FOR MORE INFORMATIONS
Sentieri di Pace – IAT Fogliano Redipuglia
Via III Armata, 37
I-34070 Fogliano Redipuglia (GO)
Tel. +39 0481 489139
Cell. +39 346 1761913